Sevilla – Campo de Nervión

by Chris Clements | Posted on Tuesday, March 1st, 2016
There is much heated debate over the date on which Sevilla FC was founded. The club and a growing number of historians directly link the current club to one that was formed on 25 January 1890. Others point to the formation of a new club on 14 October 1905 as the true birth date of the Los Rojiblancos. Whatever the date of formation, one thing for certain is that Andulucia was the birthplace of football in Spain and Sevilla can be considered its cradle.
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On 8 March 1890, workers from the Rio Tinto mining company and various shipping firms, joined forces under the name of Sevilla Foot-ball Club, to play Huelva Club Recreacion. It was the first recorded instance of two clubs playing each other on Spanish soil. Over the next 15 years, British companies and ex-patriots were at the forefront of matches played in and around the Andalucian capital, and gradually, the Spanish community became involved. Eventually, on 14 October 1905, a new Sevilla Foot-ball Club was founded and set up home at the Prado de San Sebastian. Activity was sporadic in those first few years, not helped by the fact that the club lacked a benefactor. However, Sevilla FC found a knight in shining armour in the shape of Josep María Miró Trepat, a wealthy Catalan hotel owner, who just happened to be co-founder of the Spanish Foot-ball Club in Barcelona. With Miró Trepat at the helm, the club grew quickly, even surviving player exodus of 1908 that led to the formation of eternal rival Real Betis Balompié. By the middle of the following decade, Sevilla FC was not only the leading club in the city, but had overtaken Recreativo Huelva as the region’s leading light.
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The Campo de Mercantil sat within the Prado de San Sebastian

The Prado de San Sebastian, where the club’s first ground was situated, was little more than open land on the border of Parque Marie Luisa. The pitch was a simple roped-off affair and would often be in a different location within the Prado de San Sebastian from match to match. As the club grew in popularity, a more permanent facility was required and thanks to Miró Trepat’s commercial contacts, funds were raised to build an enclosure within the Prado de San Sebastian. Named the Campo del Mercantil in recognition of the chief benefactors, it opened on 1 January 1913 and featured a permanent pitch surrounded by a wire & wooden fence. The ground did not have an external wall, so admission was free, although the club charged for the rent of seats and use of the only wooden terrace. The Campo de Mercantil also witnessed the arrival of the club’s first trophy, when the Andalucian Regional Championship was won in 1915. The enclosure was situated just to the north of the present day Prado de San Sebastian, parallel to the Calle José Maria Osborne.

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Campo del Mercantil opened on 1 January 1913

On 20 October 1918, Sevilla opened the Campo Reina Victoria with  match against Union Sporting de Madrid. It was built on land owned by the Marquesa de Esquivel, who was persuaded by her son, an avid follower of Sevilla, to allowed the build and rent it to the club. As well as being the club’s first enclosed ground, it featured wooden bleachers and a short pavilion. On 16 December 1923, the ground hosted the Spanish national side’s first ever international in the south of the country, a 3-0 victory over Portugal. The 1925 Copa del Rey was also played at the venue, but by 1928, construction work for the Ibero-Americana Exhibition forced Sevilla to move again, to a massive expanse of land in the Nervión district. The site of the Campo Reina Victoria was on the modern day Paseo de la Palmera, over-lapping the Calle Chaves Rey.

Campo Reina Victoria hosted La Selección in 1923

The club built a square styled stadium that had a capacity of 12,000 on land rented from the Marquis de Nervión. It featured one large uncovered tribuna and three smaller terraces. The players & officials changed in a pavilion in the north west corner of the ground. The Campo de Nervión opened on 7 October 1928 with a match against cross-city rivals Betis, who had the temerity to win 1-2. Sevilla went on to win the inaugural second division championship, gaining revenge over Betis with a 3-0 win in the league match, but lost a promotion/relegation play-off to Racing Santander. Sevilla eventually won promotion to La Primera in 1934, by which time Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán had taken on the role of president and the Copa del Rey was won in 1935, with a 3-0 win over CE Sabadell at the Estadio Chamartin in Madrid. The city of Sevilla fell to the Nationalists at the start of the Civil War and whilst Betis’ ground was bombed and rendered unplayable, Sevilla, thanks to a sympathetic board of directors, saw the Estadio Nervión become the administrative HQ of the Nationalists. On 29 April 1938, Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán signed off the purchase of the land on which the Estadio Nervión stood, along with a further 42,000 square meters that surrounded the stadium for a total of 429,000 pesetas. This was to prove to be an astute piece of business as Sevilla would benefit from the sale of plots of this land over the next fifty years.

The opening fixture at the Nervion - Sevilla play Betis on 7 October 1928

The opening fixture at the Nervion – Sevilla play Betis on 7 October 1928

The move to the Estadio Nervión brought the best out of Sevilla as a further Copa del Rey was won in 1939 thanks to a comprehensive victory over Racing Ferrol at Montjuic in Barcelona. Some near misses in the league were all but forgotten when on the final day of the 1945-46 season, Sevilla drew 1-1 with Barcelona to pip the Catalans to La Primera title. A further victory in La Copa followed in 1948, when Celta Vigo were beaten 4-1 at Chamartin. The forward thinking Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán did not rest on his laurels however. He recognised that the club would require a larger stadium if they were going to compete and sent a fact-finding delegation to Real Madrid to quiz them about their new stadium. By the mid 1950’s the club had amassed a 50 million peseta war chest, specifically set aside for the building of a stadium on the land purchased nearly 20 years earlier.

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Mid 1950’s and the Nervión (top) already dwarfed by the unfinished Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán

Designed by Manuel Muñoz Monasterio, who had collaborated on the Nuevo Chamartin, work was under way when on 28 October 1956, the club was rocked by the sudden death of president Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán. Work continued, but progress was hampered by the quality of the subsoil. Sevilla played on at the Nervión, which at its peak had a capacity of 20,000.  They finished second in the league in 1956-57 and were invited to compete in the European Cup, despite Real Madrid’s presence as champions.  Sevilla played its last official game at the Campo de Nervión on 25 May 1958, when they beat UD Las Palmas by two goals to nil in the Copa. The new stadium opened on 7 September 1958 with a friendly against Real Jaen, by which time the demolition teams had started their work and the Nervión’s stands & terraces were reduced to rubble.

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ESTADIOS DE ESPAÑA - STADIUMS OF SPAIN